polycystic liver disease diet pkdiet.com polycysticliverdisease.com

PKD DIET, the Kidney

    
Plant based Alkaline Diet
Neutral Protein 0.6 grams/kilogram
Low Salt 1200 mg sodium - Himalayan pink salt
Water

 

                           polycystic kidney disease water vasopressin                    polycystic kidney disease diet


For Your Reference PDF:

ENJOY foods
ENJOY also
ENJOY herbs

AVOID foods

AVOID also
AVOID herbs

 

MENUS
BETTER protein choices

ALKALINE Diet clinical trials
VEGETARIAN clinical trial



For Your Reference BOOKS:

PKD Diet KIDNEY    [iBookstore]
PKD Diet Book   [
Kindle]
PKD Diet    
[414KB  PDF]

 

 

 

For Your Reference:

DIRTY Dozen Foods
FISH Guide
PROTEIN Content
of some foods
CALCULATE neutral protein

 

MAGNESIUM
PHOSPHORUS

THINGS TO TRY TO ASSURE YOU REMAIN AMONG THE   40%   WHO NEVER REQUIRE DIALYSIS or transplant

  • Alkaline Plant Based Whole Foods Diet with an abundance of locally grown ripe in season produce geared toward kidney and liver health. Include essential fatty acids and essential amino acids.
  • Low Salt - 1200 mg sodium diet; use Himalayan salt, prepare food yourself from fresh ingredients adding no salt to your cooking. If you must add salt keep it to one-eighth teaspoon per day of Himalayan Pink salt.
  • Neutral Protein - 0.6 grams protein/kilogram of body weight
  • Water - twice output, possibly 3 liters per day
  • Avoid kidney toxins: caffeine, methylparabens, aspirin, kidney harmful foods.
  • Increase Kidney Blood Flow (renal perfusion) through Exercise and Rest
  • Maintain Alkalinity - self monitor your nightly urinary pH. 6.0 is good. 7.2 is a better, alkalinity.
  • Blood pressure 100/70 - 120/80. self monitor. Keep at 110/70 .Should blood pressure rise or spikes, call doctor.
  • Correct  anemia
  • Diminish proteinuria

 

PKD DIET
These foods are suggestions to try that have been gathered from among our collective experiences - anecdotal knowledge. We are each unique. Before trying something new, check with your doctor. Eliminate toxins, especially kidney toxins, Exercise and rest sufficiently to keep kidney blood flow abundant With normal kidney functioning, one possibility to try, is a diet that is alkaline, plant based, geared toward kidney health, with plenty of starchy vegetables: rutabagas, turnips, sweet potatoes, beans, sweet corn, spelt, rye, turnips, and whole grains with a sprinkling of a few alkaline nuts such as almonds, chestnuts and coconut. A low sodium, 1200 mg sodium diet helps to keep blood pressure low which in turn can help keep cystic organs smaller. A low sodium diet is more easily achieved by cooking all your own foods, eliminating prepared, canned, and take out food. If salt is necessary, one can try measuring out an 1/8 teaspoon of Himalayan salt daily, then tossing any remaining salt at day's end. The following day start fresh with only 1/8 teaspoon. A neutral protein is neither low protein nor high protein. It is neutral. What goes in, comes out. A neutral plant based protein diet that is individually calculated to 0.6 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight is something to try for maintaining healthy cystic kidneys. Most recently it was discovered that by drinking enough water to shut down vasopressin or about 3 liters of water per day, might help assure the health of polycystic kidneys. Assure that the body takes in EAA essential amino acids and EFA essential fatty acids daily. Talk with your doctor about any of these possible changes that you may wish to try. Avoid all caffeine. (coffee, chocolate, black tea, green tea, white tea cola, and decaffeinated beverages as well). If your doctor permits, try chamomile, rooibos, hibiscus, thyme, saffron, rose hips, linden flower, or veronica tea. For a little bubbly, try freshly pressed cranberry, apple, grape juice or an all juice blend mixed with Perrier or other fizzy mineral water. Remain alkaline.

• Eat foods in season and as close to a home grown state with little processing.
• Locally grown is best.
• Organic is second best.
• Fresh produce is third.
• Frozen is fourth.
• Try to avoid canned, prepared, fried, and microwaved food.

• Avoid foods that are kidney toxins.

Ask to see the renal dietitian for a PKD Diet that is alkaline, low salt, neutral protein calibrated specifically for you. An alkaline vegan diet that avoids all animal proteins (ground meats, dairy, egg whites, milk, cheese, beef, pork, chicken), soy proteins, yeast, alcohol, concentrated sugars seems to make us feel better. Fruits and Vegetables to avoid: salted foods, tomato, potato, eggplant, peppers, celery, star fruit, strawberries, plums, prunes, soy, margarine, crisco, potato chips and peanuts. While kidney functioning is still excellent, dietary things that help PKD are also high potassium foods; plant based diets with an emphasis on raw fruits and vegetables; whole food starches such as corn on the cob, sweet potatoes, rutabagas, turnips, winter squash. Include a few selected pre-soaked grains (spelt, quinoa, rye, oats, Kashi, brown rice) and pre-soaked nuts (almond, coconut, chestnut). Enjoy plenty of leafy greens, broccoli, radish, and below ground root crops. Soak all beans, legumes, grains, seeds and nuts before eating. This lowers their phytic acid content, making these foods more digestible and alkaline. Salt intake and cholesterol levels are two things that we can alter. These are two things which will alter the outcome of PKD, according to the CRISP study.

ENJOY
Acorn squash

Adzuki beans

All fruit spread

Almond butter

Almond milk
Almonds
Amaranth
Apple juice (freshly pressed)

Apple sweet

Apricot

Arrowroot
Artichokes globe
Artichoke Jerusalem
Artichokes sunchokes *
Asparagus
Avocado

Baby spring greens
Bamboo shoots
Banana
Barley
Barley Grass juice *

Bean sprouts

Beans, all varieties soaked
Beans string beans
Beef tea, distilled
Beet roots

Beet tops
Bitter melon

Black raspberry
Bok choy
Boysenberry

Brassica

Breast milk
Broccoli *

Broccoli DIMs

Broccoli rabe

Broccoli sprouts

Brown rice

Brussels sprouts

Buckwheat

Buckwheat noodles
Burdock root
Cabbage and juice

Cabbage savoy

Cantaloupe, local in season

Cardoon
Carrots

Cashews

Cassava
Cauliflower

Celeriac

Cereal grass juice
Chamomile
Chard

Cherimoya
Cherries
Chestnut
Chia oil

Chia seeds
Chicory

Chinese cabbage
Chinese peas

Cilantro

Citrus fruits

Clementine
Coconut

Coconut milk
Coconut water *
Collard greens
Corn meal whole organic
Corn on the cob

Corn salad neusli

Cranberry 100% juice

Crooked neck squash
Cruciform vegetables *

Cucumber

Currants

Daikon radish

Dandelion greens
Dates
Delicata squash
DIMs broccoli *
Drumstick plant *

Dry land cress

Durian

Edible flowers

Elderberries
Endive
Escarole

Fennel

Figs dried and fresh •

Gabi
Garlic

Grain Beverage

ENJOY
Grain Beverage: bambu

Grain Beverage: barley brew

Grain Beverage: barley cup

Grain Beverage: caffix

Grain Beverage: caro

Grain Beverage: carob powder

Grain Beverage: inka

Grain Beverage: java herb uncoffee

Grain Beverage: kara kara

Grain Beverage: organic instant grain

Grain Beverage: prewetts chicory

Grain Beverage: roma

Grain Beverage: spelt kaffee

Grain Beverage: teeccino

Grain Beverage: yannoh

Grain Beverage: yorzoh

Globe artichoke

Gobi
Golden Delicious apple

Grapes and juice
Grapefruit
Gravenstein apples

Greens collard
Greens leafy *

Greens mustard

Grits
Guava
Hempseed butter

Hempseed oil
Herb tea: African nectar

Herb tea: chamomile

Herb tea: chamomile citrus by Mighty Leaf

Herb tea: chocolate mint truffle Mighty Leaf

Herb tea: hibiscus

Herb tea: honey bush

Herb tea: lemon grass

Herb tea: lemon thyme

Herb tea: lemon verbena

Herb tea: lemon water *

Herb tea: lemon zinger

Herb tea: linden flower

Herb tea: milk thistle

Herb tea: red bush

Herb tea: red tea

Herb tea: roasted grain beverage

Herb tea: rooibos

Herb tea: rose hips

Herb tea: saffron

Herb tea: silymarin

Herb tea: speedwell

Herb tea: sugar cookie sleigh ride

Herb tea: thyme

Herb tea: Tilleul

Herb tea: veronica

Himalayan pink crystal salt

Honeydew melon

Jicama
Jerusalem artichokes

Kabocha squash
Kale

Kamut
Kiwi
Kohlrabi
Kumquats

Land cress

Leafy Greens

Leeks
Lemon *
Lemon juice

Lemon Myer
Lentils, all types soaked

Lettuce curly leaf

Lettuce exclude iceberg

Lettuce oak leaf

Lettuce romaine

Lettuce butter

Lima beans
Lime and juice
Linden flower tea/honey

Loquat

Mache lettuce

Mandarins
Mango

Mangostein

Melon juice *
Melon, smooth skinned

Milk thistle silymarin

Millet soaked sprouted

Mixed wild greens
Mother's milk
Malungai leaves *
Mushrooms edible
Mustard greens
Myer lemon *

ENJOY
Nasturtiums
Nectarines
Nettle extract, non-alcoholic *
Nettle leaf

Neusli (mache)

Oats
Okinawan Sweet Potato

Okra
Olive oil

Onions
Orange

Orange juice freshly squeezed

Oregano

Oyster plant

Papaya

Papaya juice fresh

Parsley
Parsnip
Passion fruit
Paw paw
Peach
Pear
Peas, sweet English fresh
Persimmons
Pineapple

Polenta

Pomegranate

Pomelo

Potatoes, sweet

Potatoes, sweet Okinawan

Potatoes, sweet jewel
Pumpkin

Quince
Quinoa
Radish *
Radish sprout *

Raisin

Ramps
Raspberry

Raw fresh picked in season produce

Red rice and beans

Rhizomes
Rice Milk

Rice syrup
Romaine lettuce

Rose hips
Rutabagas

Rye

Saffron

Saffron tea
Salsify

Sapote

Scallions

Shallots
Snow peas

Soba Noodles
Sorrel
Spelt

Spelt grass juice

Spelt non-yeasted bread

Spelt pasta

Spinach

Squash

Succotash
Sunchokes*
Swedes
Sweet potato
Swiss chard
Tangerine

Tapioca

Taro root

Thyme
Tupelo Honey

Turmeric
Turnip greens
Turnips

Turmeric
Ube

Veronica tea
Water
Water chestnuts
Watercress
Watermelon *
Watermelon seed tea *
Wheat Grass Juice

Whole Grains
Wild rice
Winter Squash
Yams
Yellow squash

Yuca
Zucchini

ENJOY   GRAINS NUTS SEEDS SOAKED
Almonds

Black rice
Brown rice

Cashews
Chestnut

Chia

Coconut, especially water

Corn

Grits

Hempseed

Kamut
Millet
Oats
Pasta–whole grain
Quinoa

Pecans

Red rice
Rye
Spelt

Walnuts

 

PKD top of page PKDiet.com polycystic kidney disease

 

PKD POSSIBLY USEFUL MEDICINES
Lei Gong Teng Triptolide

Octreotide
Sirolimus
Tolvaptan
Water

 

 

 

 

ENJOY UL HERBS
Artichoke
DIMs broccoli sprouts*
Hibiscus
Linden Flower Tea or Honey
Nettle Extract*
Oregano
Parsley
Rooibos *
Rose hips
Saffron
Thyme

more on herbs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* especially useful for PKD

AVOID HARMFUL FOODS PKD
Ahi tuna

Alaskan king crab
Alcohol
Ale
Alfalfa Sprouts

Aloe

Anchovies

Andouille sausage
Animal proteins most
Aluminum
Ammonia
Anabolic steroids

Apple strudel
Artificial sweetener
Aspirin

Aubergine

Bacon

Baguette

Baked potato
BBQ meats
Beef

Beef pork pies

Beer

Bell peppers
Black tea
Blood
dishes
Bluefish
Bologna
Bovine growth hormone

BPA

Bratwurst

Brinjais (eggplant)

Bundt cake

Butter
Caffeine
AVOID ALL FORMS
Cake

Canadian bacon

Candy

Cane sugar

Canned soups

Cantaloupe (fungus)

Carrot cake

Carrots baby (chlorine)

Catfish
Celery
Chaparral
tea
Charred
meats
Cheddar cheese

Cheerios
Cheese

Cheese parmesan

Cheese puffs

Cheeseburger

Cheesecake

Cheesesteaks
Chemicals that make you cough
Chicken with bleach bath

Chilies

Chips salted
Chlorine
Chocolate

Chocolate eclairs

Chowder

Clotted cream
Clorox
Clover Honey
Cod liver oil

Coffee AVOID ALL FORMS
Cola AVOID ALL FORMS
Comet

Cookies

Corn beef
Corn syrup
Cream

Cream puffs
Creatine
supplements
Crisco
Croissant
Crustaceans

Cupcakes

Custard

AVOID HARMFUL FOODS PKD
Dairy

Danish

Dark chocolate
DDT
De-caf chocolate
De-caf coffee
De-caf cola
De-caf tea

Dill pickles

Donuts
Dry Cleaning
Duck

Earl gray tea

Éclair

Edamame
Eel

Eggnog
Eggplant

Enchiladas

Ensure

Escargot

Fermented fish paste

Filet mignon

Fish cod liver oil
Fish oily

Forskolin
Flaxseed
French fries

Fried egg

Fried foods
Fructose
GM Foods
Green Tea
Ground meat, fish, poultry
Hamburger
Hard cheese

Hash browns

Herb tea caffeine free celest

Herb tea chaparral

Herb tea honey Vanilla Chamo

Herb tea licorice root

Herb tea red zinger

Herring

Hershey bars

High fructose corn syrup

Hoagies

Hot chocolate
Hot dogs

Hot tamales with lard
Iceberg lettuce

Jalapeño peppers
Juice bottled canned (BPA)
Lady fingers

Lard
Laundry powder (inhaling)
Licorice
Liver
Liverwurst
Lobster

Lollipop

Macaroni and cheese
Macaroni salad

Mackerel

Malasadas

Malt liquor
Margarine

Meat balls

Meat loaf

Melons with ridges
Microwaved food

Milk shakes

Milk, animal, cow
Miso

Miso soup
Mochi
Multiple vitamins

MSG
Nato

Nightshade plants
Noni juice
PKD top of page PKDiet.com polycystic kidney disease

 

AVOID HARMFUL FOODS PKD
Oil, canola

Oil, cottonseed

Oil, lavender

Oil, safflower

Oil, sesame

Oil, sunflower

Oil, tea tree

Onion dip

Organ meats
Oven cleaners

Packaged vegetables

Pappadams

Parmesan cheese

Pastrami

Paté foie gras

Patis

Peanut butter

Peanut butter cookies
Peanuts

Pemmican
Pepperoni

Peppers

Pheasant, commercial

Pickled egg

Pickles

Pie, lard sugar

Piña colada
Pink meats
Pheasant, commercial
Phytates
Phytic acid

Phytoestrogens
Pink meats: bacon, hot dog

Pita chips

Pizza
Plastic
Plums

Poke

Popsicles with sugar
Pork

Pork pie

Portuguese sausage
Potato
Potato chips
Powder soap

Poultry dipped in bleach
Powdered soaps

Prunes

Pudding

Pumpkin pie whipped cream
Quail eggs

Quail, commercial

Quarter pounder

Queen Anne's lace (wild carrot)

Raclette

Ragu sauce

Ramen noodles

Raw egg whites

Raw eggs

Ready to eat vegetables (chlorine)

Red velvet cake

Rhubarb

Rice wine

Rice, white
Rindswurst

AVOID HARMFUL FOODS PKD

Sashimi
Salami
Salmon

Saki

Salami

Salmon

Salt pork

Sardines

Sashimi
Sausage
Scallops
Scrambled egg white

Scrambled eggs

Sesame seed
Shell fish
Shrimp
Soy
Soy milk

Soy sauce

Spare ribs
Squab
, commercial

Squid
Starfruit

Steroids

Steak
Stevia

Stout malt liquor
Strawberry

Stroganoff

Sucrose

Sugar

Sugar cane juice

Sugar cookies

Sunflower seeds
Sushi

Swedish meat balls

Taco

Tahini
Tamari
Tea  AVOID caffeinated
Tempé
Teriyaki sauce

Tiramasu
Testosterone
Tofu
Tomato
Trout
Tuna
Turkey, commercial
Tylenol

Vegemite

Velveeta cheese

Vichyssoise

Vienna sausage
Vinegar

Water crackers
Wheat
Wheat Germ
White Rice

White sugar
Windex
White Tea
Wine

Worcestershire sauce

Yeast
Yeasted Bread Yeast

Yellow cheese

Yucca

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


PKD top of page PKDiet.com polycystic kidney disease

PKD AVOID HARMFUL HERBS
Chaparral
Forskolin
Ginkgo Biloba
Certain Chinese Herbs


AVOID HARMFUL ANIMAL PROTEINS

 

BETTER  CHOICES TO REPLACE
Lamb Beef
Bean burger Hamburger
Haddock Salmon
OrangeRoughy Tuna
Perch Sardines
Cottage Cheese Parmesan
Goat Cheese Cheddar
Buttermilk Whole milk
Plugra cultured Butter
Yogurt Sour Cream
Wild Game Poultry
Wild Turkey Turkey
Pheasant Poultry

 

PKD top of page PKDiet.com polycystic kidney disease

AVOID KIDNEY TOXINS PKD
Aspirin

Amalgam
Aleve

Ammonia
Artificial sweetener

BPA
Creatine
Caffeine
Chaparral
Chondroitin
Ephedra

Fluoride
Gentamycin
Glucosamine
Ibuprofen
Lithium
Motrin

MSG
NSAIDs
Naproxen
Paracetamol
Phenacetin
Starfruit

Tylenol

 

 

 

AVOID for all humans
Aluminum
Candy
French Fries
Lard
Margarine
Peanuts
Potato Chips
White Flour
White Sugar

PKD top of page PKDiet.com polycystic kidney disease

ALKALINE PLANT BASED DIET WHOLE FOODS LOCALLY GROWN PRODUCE GEARED TO KIDNEY AND LIVER HEALTH
A plant based diet that is alkaline and geared toward kidney and liver health seems to work best for most of us. Some have reported an alkaline diet diminishes protein spillage in the urine; lowers blood pressure; corrects anemia, diminishes kidney cyst growth, and for some has resulted in improved kidney functioning. For more on alkaline foods click here.

LOW SALT
1200 mg of sodium - eliminate all canned goods, prepared foods, frozen dinners, fast food, salty snacks and take time to read sodium levels of purchased foods. To assure that you are eating low salt cooked foods, try sampling your own cooking. A low salt suggestion - Daily place 1/8 tsp Himalayan salt in a shaker. This small amount of salt can be consumed daily. It can be used for seasoning, for baking, for any purpose. At the end of the day, the 1/8 teaspoon needs to be tossed and replenished with a new 1/8 tsp Himalayan salt placed again into the salt shaker. Some have experienced by using Himalayan salt no elevation in blood pressure. A few adventurous have tried one drop of solé each morning in a glass of mineral water. To read about solé, click here. In a clinical trial patients were given either salt restriction or medication to control blood pressure. Individuals who restricted salt fared better. For more information on blood pressure click here. The CRISP study found that both dietary sodium intake and HDL cholesterol are modifiable traits. By keeping sodium intake low and keeping HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol) elevated this contributes to the lack of progression of ADPKD.

NEUTRAL PROTEIN
Researchers calculated the amount of protein intake needed daily to keep the body in a neutral protein balance. That amount is 0.6 grams/kilogram. The formula is body weight divided by 2.2 then multiplied by 0.6. For instance if one weighs 110 pounds divided by 2.2 = 50 kilograms multiplied by 0.6 = 30 grams of protein is the protein intake needed to keep this body in a neutral protein balance. If one is eating an alkaline diet that keeps the urinary pH at or near 7.0, it is likely this individual is also in a neutral protein balance. For more information on protein click here.  Avoid gorging on protein like a lion.

WATER
Drinking ample of water shuts down vasopressin, a trigger for cyst growth. The amount of water to raise urine osmolality equal to that of serum might be twice the urine output or 3 quarts or 3 Liters. We will have to await clinical trials to prove or disprove if in humans cyst growth will be diminished. A page with information about bottled water is here. To read more about Water, click here

CAFFEINE
Avoid caffeine in all its forms. This triggers cyst growth. Maintain a consistently low blood pressure. For more on caffeine click here

kidney toxins
Eliminate kidney toxins. More on avoiding kidney toxins.

INCREASE KIDNEY BLOOD FLOW
Exercise and rest increases kidney blood flow - lay supine raises kidney blood flow as well as certain blood pressure lowering medications. Information on kidney blood flow click here.

MAINTAIN TIGHT BLOOD PRESSURE CONTROL
Blood pressure needs to be checked between doctor's visits and maintained at or near 100/70 - 120/80. For more information on blood pressure click here.

                                                             

 

FAQ
What if I cannot avoid animal proteins?

some BETTER CHOICES when choosing to eat animal protein
If it is not possible for you to eliminate all animal foods there are some better choices than others. Limit the quantity of animal proteins to 3 ounces of meat (the size of a deck of cards) or 1 ounce of cheese (the size of one dice), once or twice per week. Should you find this difficult, try eating less than three ounces of animal protein per day. Do not abstain from animal products for several days, then one day, splurge on a large quantity of meat. This is known as eating like a lion and this will reduce kidney functioning in healthy individuals. It decreases the GFR, Glomerular Filtration Rate through the kidneys.
Diet Sleuth is a computer program for those wishing to calculate more accurately the amount of proteins, potassium, phosphorus taken daily. For a list of protein in some common foods,
click here.
BETTER CHOICES ANIMAL FOODS
LAMB  3 ounces  [one lamb chop]
FISH  Flat white fish non oily with eyes on the same side of the head
CHEESE  soft white cheeses (goat) cottage cheese or quark
EGG Poached egg yolk once a month
DAIRY cultured Dairy delicious low phosphorus dairy products •buttermilk •plugra butter. Keep butter to less than a tablespoon per day • cottage cheese (2 ounces) • plain yogurt with added acidophilus - half a cup. For an extra boost, open an acidophilus capsule and add the powder to this half a cup. • buttermilk cultured • skim milk 2 ounces

why LAMB is a BETTER CHOICE
Lamb has different molecular protein structure than beef. Beef or cows eat grasses that have the residual pesticides still present, long after these chemicals have been banned from farming. Beef cuts that are marbled are said to be the choicest. This marbling that makes the meat so tender is fat. Hormones are stored in the fat tissue and it is these hormones plus the chemicals from the grasses eaten from contaminated soil that is harmful.
DAIRY BETTER CHOICES All dairy puts an extra workload on the kidneys and dehydrates the body. The solutes are too large for cystic kidneys to effectively filter. Dairy tends to dehydrate the body. Salt that is added to cheese and ice creams plus the extra large molecular solutes, creates dehydration contributing to a rise in blood pressure and a lessening of kidney functioning. Some of us have experienced with even a small taste of ice cream or a sip of milk, we awaken in the middle of the night with a cotton mouth, parched with an intense thirst. Fatty portions from animal proteins are much more harmful than the leaner sections, i.e. skim milk is preferable to cream. Limit fats to a maximum of one ounce per day. If one continues to eat meats and animal foods than any type of cheese needs to replace the meat for that day. The amount of cheese allowed is one ounce whereas the amount of lean meat is approximately three ounces once or twice a week. Goat cheese is healthier than cow cheese, especially the type made by local farms, especially if one can find a salt free variety is sold. Cultured dairy is preferable i.e. buttermilk, yogurt, plugra butter. Limit butter fat and oils to less than a tablespoon per day.

PKD top of page PKDiet.com polycystic kidney disease

WHICH ARE BETTER CHEESE CHOICES?                      TO REPLACE THESE CHEESES ON THE RIGHT
Blue Cheese
Parmigiano Reggiano
Blue Veined Cheese
Dry Cheeses
Cottage Cheese
Cheddar Cheeses
Enmenthaler or Swiss Cheese
Hard Cheeses
Feta Salt Free Cheese 
Mimolette Cheese
 Goat Cheese
Mizithra Cheese
 Paneer Cheese
Orange Cheeses
 Quark Cheese
Kefalotyri
  Roquefort Cheese
Parmesan 
 Swiss Cheese
Romano Cheese 
 Sheep Cheese
Reggiano 
 Soft White Cheese
 Yellow Cheeses


what FISH are BETTER animal protein CHOICES?
Enjoy flat white fish that is non oily and low in fat. such as haddock, cod, orange roughy, perch, For more examples of flat white fish click here. Avoid fish oil supplements. These are high in mercury. Eliminate cod liver oil products by checking the ingredients lists in cosmetics, vitamins, and supplements.

AVOID fatty fish
greater than 1% fat content
Marlin 0.5
Pollock 1.0
Grouper 1.0
Yellowfin Tuna 1.0
Snapper 1.3
Monkfish 1.5
Ocean Perch 1.6
Mackerel (King) 2.0
Halibut 2.3
Striped Bass 2.3
Smelt 2.4
Rainbow Trout 3.4
Swordfish 4.0
Bluefish 4.2
Catfish 4.3
Bluefin Tuna 4.9
Salmon 6.3
Albacore Tuna 7.2
Lake Trout 9.4
Chinook Salmon 10.4
Mackerel (Atlantic) 13.9
Chinook Salmon 18.0
PKD top of page PKDiet.com polycystic kidney disease

Why are aspirin, NSAIDs, phenacetin, tylenol, ibuprofen, aleve, to be AVOIDED?
These medications have a lifetime cumulative detrimental effect on kidney functioning. If there is the occasional need for aspirin, this is different than taking aspirin everyday for a lifetime. Sometimes the detrimental effects need to be weighed against the positive effects of a medication. For this take your doctor's advice and question him to explain how this can negatively affect your kidney functioning.

 

Why is star fruit (Averrhoa carambola) to be AVOIDED?
I have enjoyed the gorgeous array of produce from Hilo's Big Island Farmer's Market. I had previously eaten star fruit and mango, a traditional local combination. I discovered that star fruit is a known kidney toxin. Star fruit originated in Southeast Asia and is readily available worldwide.. It causes an array of symptoms in patients with chronic renal failure or end-stage renal disease. The symptoms vary and include insomnia, intractable hiccups, agitation, muscle weakness, confusion, consciousness disturbances of various degrees, seizures, and cardiorespiratory arrest. The various star fruit subspecies contain different toxins, including a powerful neurotoxin that is suspected to accumulate in blood, cross the blood-brain barrier in chronic renal failure patients, and eventually leading to irreversible damage.
Star fruit intoxication is a serious fruit intoxication frequently observed in patients with chronic renal failure. To date 2 PKD'rs have written about relatives succumbing to star fruit toxins. Because no effective treatment is currently available, patients— especially those who are newly diagnosed with chronic renal failure or end-stage renal disease—must be warned not to ingest star fruit, even in small amounts. Here is a study on a guinea pig heart, recommending that (star fruit) carambola extracts are to be avoided in individuals with normal or diseased hearts.

Why is Glucosamine and Chondroitin to be AVOIDED?
It is made from shellfish and shark cartilage, these are high in copper and high in oxalates. These are detrimental to individuals with PKD. If one has an iodine allergy to imaging dyes, this may have a cross over allergy. A low - oxalate diet may be necessary to prevent future kidney stone formation.
Completed GAIT clinical trials, a multi-center trial of 1500 individuals Glucosamine/chondroitin Arthritis Intervention Trial (GAIT), run for 24-weeks, concluded that Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate alone or in combination did not reduce pain effectively in the overall group of patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. Analyses suggest that the combination of glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate may be effective in the subgroup of patients with moderate-to-severe knee pain must be confirmed by another trial. Another clinical trial of Glucosamine supplementation showed that it does not affect blood sugar in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
The American College of Radiologists concluded that there was a possible benefit in severe cases of knee osteoarthritis. Another comment from the NIH. Here are two sources vegetarian glucosamine Freeda vegetarian glucosamine Swanson vegetarian glucosamine.

 

Why is Noni juice (Morinda citrifolia) to be AVOIDED? Hawaii is home to the growers of noni juice. Noni has had some cases of harm to kidneys according to the growers of noni juice. They suggested with my history of both kidney and liver  disease, I avoid noni. Noni is very high in potassium and has been a cause of very high potassium levels. Lemon juice is a great flush, low in potassium, cheaper to obtain, and makes one alkaline .There are several cases in the literature that  link noni to inflamed livers (hepatitis).
Hepatitis induced by Noni juice from Morinda citrifolia
Hepatotoxicity of Noni juice: report of two cases.
Acute hepatitis caused by Noni

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Why are multivitamins to be AVOIDED ?   Unless prescribed for you by your physician, avoid multivitamins, instead try individual vitamins as needed. Multivitamins contain high amounts of copper. Researchers have noted that individuals who develop cancers have higher amounts of copper in their bodies. Additionally multiple vitamins contain many of the fat soluble vitamins that can lead to an vitamin excess. Choose an all natural vitamin made from a food source so the micronutrients will be present. Juicing with nutrient dense calorie poor fruits and vegetables are especially good for the body.
When some take supplements or vitamins, they take the vitamins specifically needed than re-check vitamin levels. This allows the body to continue to manufacture its own vitamins such as B12 from the food. Certain vitamins if taken after 2pm, interrupt a restful night's sleep i.e. B vitamins. Some alternate ways to take a month's vitamins is one month on, and one month off.
A report has been released about caution with megavitamins: Unsafe Levels of Selenium Found in Dietary Supplements
ROCKVILLE, Md., April 9 -- The FDA has identified hazardous levels of selenium as the cause of 43 adverse events stemming from use of certain flavors of the dietary supplements Total Body Formula and Total Body Mega Formula. The distributor of the products, Total Body Essential Nutrition, of Atlanta, has recalled the Tropical Orange and Peach Nectar flavors of Total Body Formula in eight- and 32-ounce bottles and the Orange/Tangerine flavor of Total Body Mega Formula in 32-ounce containers.


How do you easily swallow large tablets? If  bananas are allowed in the diet, try chewing a bite of banana but do not swallow it. Then place the tablet in amongst the chewed banana and swallow both together without chewing the pill.

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Last Updated Monday, March 17, 2014 5:45 AM